Introduction

Informed the natives of the operations carrying on against the blacks, and the whole of them was in tears throughout the whole of the day.
Journal of George Augustus Robinson, 26 November 1830

Next day we all reached Bothwell, where we joined the line which extended to the sea coast from the westward – all the parties before we joined had been driving the natives towards the centre, some 3500 men being placed along the line each 320 yards apart  – it was astonishing to see the mannerism by which the settlers had turned out with their own servants leaving their homes for an indefinite time. There are not many left now who can recollect the trying occasion.
Henry James Emmett (NLA MS 3311)

Black War ~ Van Diemen’s Land CSO 7578 is a site created for transcripts of the manuscript series: CSO 1/7578/316-332. The original records consist of 1 metre of original bound correspondence  held in the Tasmanian Archives and Heritage Office (TAHO), Hobart. These are viewable at TAHO on microfilm reel numbers: z1825 – z1830 and are not (yet) online. These records date from 1824-1836, the  period of leadership of Lieutenant George Arthur, the 12th Governor of Van Diemen’s Land: http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/arthur-sir-george-1721

Tasmania is constructed from the precepts of the Black War, a period of  cross cultural conflict initiated by British official occupation from 1803 that intensified by the 1820s, resulting in the Government managed Black Line campaign of 7 Oct – 24 Nov 1830 that culminated in a purported 3500 armed ‘settlers’ and military, supported by £30,000 of Government expenditure, attempting to militarily force, over a period of six weeks, Aboriginal people remaining at large in the ‘settled districts’ onto the Tasman Peninsula. Although this campaign logistically failed, it is believed that it led to the surrender of the remaining openly adversarial Aboriginal people and resulted in their subsequent exile to Flinders Island, located off north eastern Tasmania. See http://www.linc.tas.gov.au/?a=24356  for a listing of original, archival material held in TAHO relating to Tasmanian Aboriginal people and history.


Unknown artist, Governor Arthur’s Proclamation to the Aboriginal People, c.1830, oil on huon pine board; 36 x 22.8 cm, National Library of Australia, PIC R7247 LOC MS SR Cabinet 3/9, image #: nla.pic-an2291826, http://www.nla.gov.au/apps/cdview/?pi=nla.pic-an2291826&fullrecord=yes

The wood panel above is one of a rare  set of unknown original number produced in c.1830. There are seven publicly known surviving panels – held in the collections of:

  1. The Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Hobart, Tasmania
  2. The Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery, Launceston, Tasmania
  3. The National Library of Australia, Canberra
  4. The State Library of New South Wales, Sydney
  5. The Museum of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
  6. The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Cambridge University, Boston, United States
  7. Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom

These panels were the result of a recommendation to Lieutenant Governor George Arthur by Van Diemen’s Land Government Surveyor George Frankland in 1829. Frankland corresponded with Arthur about charcoal drawings he had seen in Aboriginal huts in the interior. He suggested pictographs be created, and they were – on timber, (probably) nailed to trees, and designed to communicate with Tasmanian Aboriginal people about British equality of justice, whether black or white, when other means of concluding the ‘Black War’ appeared to be failing.   (Ref: Letter from Frankland to Arthur, 4 February 1829, Tasmanian Archive and Heritage Office (TAHO), LSD 17/1 Information sourced from useful and fascinating articles by Dr. Penny Edmonds: http://recollections.nma.gov.au/issues/vol_5_no_2/papers/the_proclamation_cup_#Endnotes%201-20. And also: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14443058.2011.562227#preview)


TAHO online (website) provides this official Map of the Black Line military campaign,Van Diemen’s Land, 1830  http://stors.tas.gov.au/AUTAS001139593537
Field plan of movements of the military: No. 9: Military operations against the aboriginal inhabitants of Van Diemen’s Land / G. Frankland, surveyor general. “Ordered by the House of Commons to be printed 23rd Sepr. 1831”. 1: 390 000


This site, Black War ~ Van Diemen’s Land CSO 7578, is initially a holding place for transcriptions of  CSO* 1/316-322/7578 that will eventually enable exploration of cross cultural relations in frontier Van Diemen’s Land based on these sixteen volumes of colonial records. *CSO refers to the Colonial Secretary’s Office. Tasmania was called Van Diemen’s Land by Europeans until the cessation of convict transportation from Britain and its empire in 1853 – when the name Tasmania was officially adopted. In addition to this site providing a transcription of CSO 7578 vols 316-332 other selected transcribed documents from the same period of Governor Arthur’s office, are included from the State Library of New South Wales, Sydney (indicated by reference: SLNSW) and from the NLA (National Library of Australia, Canberra).

These documents predominately consist of correspondence to the Governor’s office by British “settlers” in Van Diemen’s Land between 1824 – 1836 requesting assistance from the Government in removing local Aboriginal people from “their lands”. They report in vivid and difficult detail the frontier violence that marked the lives, memories and subsequent relationships between Tasmanians, black and white.

Julie Gough
Hobart, Tasmania
Nov. 2012+

48 responses to “Introduction

  1. tawatja

    this is a long overdue and necessary opening up of the archive. democratization of conversation beyond the confines of academia, professional historians and everyone else who would rather either keep it to themselves or keep the lid on one of the most shameless campaigns of ethnic cleansing in the history of the british empire.

  2. Leonie

    When are the history books going to be opened so everyone knows what happened here?

    • hi Leonie
      We have to do it ourselves – put original documents, verbatim, from that period online. Then the gaps will become obvious, even from the biased anglo records – ie: how did more than 3000 / practically all Tasmanian Aboriginal people “disappear” in one generation?…
      Julie

  3. Liarne Howarth

    Hi Julie,
    I’m a descendant from John Scott the sealer on King Island and Mary Mnnermannemener. Please contact me as I have documents, records, marriage certificates etc connecting me to them.
    Liarne

    • hi Liarne

      It’s fantastic to be in touch with you. Which daughter are you descended from ?

      • Liarne Howarth

        Hi Julie,
        My line is from Catherine Scott. I have made a CD with all the documents and photographs etc on it. Let me know where I can send it if you would like a copy. There is a lady who’s husband is from Mary anne’s line. She has done that side of the decedents.
        Are you a relative of John Scott & Mary Mnnermannemener too.

        Cheers
        Liarne

    • Paul Stott

      Hello Liarne,
      I am not a descendant of John Scott but have been interested in his story for some time. To date I have not been able to find out what happened to Mary Annes’ mother Mary. Maria died in the Furneaux Group ( Flinders Island) some years later.. Are you able to assist please. Regards, Paul Stott

      • Judith Klavins

        Hi Paul, there is a web blog at http://www.docbobdocs.com.au about ‘The Sealer’ (John Scott) and ‘The King Island Girls’ which notes that the girls mother died on King Island in mid October, 1854. This is the only reference I can find at this stage.
        Cheers,
        Judith

      • Judith Klavins

        Hi Paul, there is a web blog at http://www.docbobdocs.blogspot.com.au about ‘The Sealer’ (John Scott) and ‘The King Island Girls’ which notes that the girls mother died on King Island in mid October, 1854. This is the only reference I can find at this stage.
        Cheers,
        Judith

      • Hi Judith/Liarne/Paul,
        My research into Mary Scott is ongoing. I have been reading through the writings and journals of George Augustus Robinson also other material including the books Weep In Silence and recently The Roving Mariners the latter is a great read giving insight into the early sealing industry and the struggles, dangers and conditions of this trade. I have a few possible theories regarding Mary but nothing substantially based at this stage. Will keep you updated as more information comes to hand ..hopefully not too far away.
        Sandra

      • Hi Paul, My line is from Catherine Scott. Mary died in mid October 1854. Which only left Maria and her aged mother (Georgina or Georgia) as the only ones on King Island. However, later on Maria was taken to Flinders Island because she was the last surviving person from that original party.
        Cheers Liarne .

      • Hi Paul
        My husband is a Leggett descendant –are you related? Hi great grandfather was Captain Richard Leggett’s brother–I have been researching the Leggett family for him. Are you able to assist please.
        Regards
        Pamela Hardy wife of Rodney Thomas Hardy (grandmother Caroline Mary Alice Leggett)

      • Paul Stott

        Hello Pamela. Richard Leggett was my mother’s grandfather. Her father was Walter, youngest son of Richard. Use my email if you wish. Regards PaulS

      • Hi Paul
        May I have your email address please. Mine is pamsbali@gmail.com
        I have so many questions to ask you. Thank you for your quick reply
        Pamela Hardy

    • Judith Klavins

      Hi Liarne and Julie, I am related to Mary Anne Scot (t). Her son Frederick Adolphus Smith is my great grandfather. I would be really interested in any information such as photo’s etc of Mary Anne Scott or Kitty Scott. I have had a wonderful chat with Sandra Hayman. Judith

      • Hi Judith, my line is from kitty Scott. I have everything about that line right down to me. I can send you a CD or email you the paper work. It wont be until next week as I am not well at the moment. Nice to know I have more relatives out there. Warm Regards Liarne

      • Paul Stott

        Hello Judith, Mary Anne spent a short time at Robbins Island in 1851 in the service of Mrs David Howie before returning to King Island. Mrs Howie was nee Mary Bogue who married David Howie in Launceston in November 1850. I am interested in any information about Mary Bogue who drowned at Stanley in August 1851.. Regards Paul Stott

      • Hi Paul, I am related to Catherine (Kitty Scott). I have made a CD with all the certificates and notes & some photographs on it right down to me. I can either send you a CD or send you the info via email, however, there is quite a lot.
        Liarne

      • Paul Stott

        Thank you very much for replying to my question Liarne. I would be most interested to see the info that you have gathered.. A disc to 113 Brickport Road, Burnie, 7320 would be most appreciated. Please enclose address details for me to pay you. Regards from Paul Stott.

    • Kylie

      I’m a descendant from John Scott the sealer on King Island and Mary Mannermannemener too! From their daughter Esther Brown Scott! Ill have to read more into this, i would love to see all you have!! I have a few items too kylie.simmons@live.com

    • Kylie

      I’m a descendant from John Scott the sealer on King Island and Mary Mannermannemener too! From their daughter Esther Brown Scott! I would love to see all you have! I have a few items too kylie.simmons@live.com

    • Jenni Kift

      I think we are related to Esther Scott one of his daughters

  4. Sandra

    Hi Liarne, I am the great great great granddaughter of John Scott and Mary. Their daughter Mary is who I am descended from she married George Smith a convict. I also have all documents including convict records, death, marriage and birth certificates tracing my heritage. It would be great to hear from you.

    • Liarne Howarth

      Hi Sandra,
      It was great to hear from you. I’m also the great, great, great granddaughter of John Scott & Mary Mnnermannemener too. Would you like a CD of my line from Catherine Scott their daughter. Or are you only doing your heritage from Mary Anne. Let me know if you want me to send you a copy.
      Have you got anything on Thomas Scott?. I have found him on Catherine & Francis Symonds Wedding Certificate and Catherines Death Certificate. The later one had him down as a sailor and he was 35 years old at the time. Do you know Mary & Bill Cooper?. Bill is a descendent of Mary Anne Scott too.
      Looking forward to hearing from you. Liarne

      • Hi Liarne, Thank you for your reply. Do you know about the journal of John Scott which is at the Tasmanian Archives? I transcribed it and that is at the archives also with my contact details. I don’t know much about Thomas however I will go over my records which I haven’t been through for quite awhile and see what I have that I can share with you. I made contact some time ago with Gwen and Viv Cooper who is a relative also, we send each other Chrissy cards. I am thinking she is related to Mary and Bill Cooper? Do you have any contact details for them. I found Gwen and Viv through the Were family. Edward Smith my great grandfather is the son of Mary Anne he married Selena Were. The Were family did much research and compiled a book about their family. They didn’t know much about my line of the family I was able to fill them in on what I knew. My mum who is still alive didn’t know her father who is Mary Anne’s grandson. When I contacted the Were family they were overjoyed to hear from me as we were the missing part of the family. This only happened in 2006-2007. I would love to find out more about Catherine as I know very little about her. Did she and Mary Anne get taken to the mainland after John Scott drowned I think Mary Anne left went back to Tasmania and married a convict by the name of George Smith I have some records. I have many certificates if you would like any copies of anything I am more than happy to share with you what I have. I would love a copy of the cd re Catherine to see what happened to her. Could you give me contact details of Mary and Bill Cooper or pass my details onto them. Looking forward in hearing from you .. Many thanks Sandra

  5. Sandra

    Just realised I put my personal details below my last post .. can you please edit /delete these for me .. thankyou

  6. Sandra

    Hi Liarne, Thank you for your reply. Do you know about the journal of John Scott which is at the Tasmanian Archives? I transcribed it and that is at the archives also with my contact details. I don’t know much about Thomas however I will go over my records which I haven’t been through for quite awhile and see what I have that I can share with you. I made contact some time ago with Gwen and Viv Cooper who is a relative also, we send each other Chrissy cards. I am thinking she is related to Mary and Bill Cooper? Do you have any contact details for them. I found Gwen and Viv through the Were family. Edward Smith my great grandfather is the son of Mary Anne he married Selena Were. The Were family did much research and compiled a book about their family. They didn’t know much about my line of the family I was able to fill them in on what I knew. My mum who is still alive didn’t know her father who is Mary Anne’s grandson. When I contacted the Were family they were overjoyed to hear from me as we were the missing part of the family. This only happened in 2006-2007. I would love to find out more about Catherine as I know very little about her. Did she and Mary Anne get taken to the mainland after John Scott drowned I think Mary Anne left went back to Tasmania and married a convict by the name of George Smith I have some records. I have many certificates if you would like any copies of anything I am more than happy to share with you what I have. I would love a copy of the cd re Catherine to see what happened to her. Could you give me contact details of Mary and Bill Cooper or pass my details onto them. Looking forward in hearing from you .. Many thanks Sandra

    • Liarne Howarth

      Hi Sandra and Julie,

      Mary and Maria are two different women.I reference this through John Scott’s Journal and other information gathered. This is all on my CD. Sandra I can’t see your personal information any where. Maybe I’m not looking in the right spot.
      Cheers
      Liarne

      • Peter bakker

        Liarne,
        Please send me a copy of your CD on John and Mary Scott. Let me know about cost to reimburse you and by what means e.g. PayPal or bank deposit.
        Thank you for the huge amount of work that you have put into this research. phbakker@bigpond.net.au
        Thank you – Peter Bakker

      • Ryan Brown

        Hi Liarne,
        I am also researching my family tree and I am a little confused when I get to Esther Scott. Is Esther Scott the daughter of John Scott & Mary Mannermannemener? If that is correct and that Esther Scott married Henry John Brown then I am related. If you could please contact me ryanbrown8210@yahoo.com.au or on the phone 0402 282 821. I currently live in Perth. I am interested to see if you have any information that would confirm this.

    • Tom

      Has anyone got further info on the Mary Anne who married George Smith? Particularly any children they had? It’s in relation. To my wife’s family who are Byles
      Thanks
      Tom

  7. hi LIarne and Sandra – I am sorry to have been a bit off the radar lately ! I will email you off site and pass your emails to each other. I am VERY pleased to see lots of reconnections happening between Maria and John Scott’s descendants – your family is one of the missing presumed ‘lost’ famiilies – a big Tassie + King Island reunion is in order I reckon !
    Julie

  8. Raine Brand

    Hi Julie
    What an amazing project and so enlightening. I came across this today while searching for information about Cluny and Bothwell in relation to an online course I am currently doing with UTAS on researching family history. My 3rd great grandparents, both convicts, William Worsley and Ann Davis were living at Upper Cluny, Bothwell and Native Hut Rivulet from 1831 – 1839 and had three children during this time. William was a labourer at Cluny and Ann was a house servant assigned to Mr McPherson of Cluny.
    Thank you.
    Raine Brand

  9. Judith

    Hi Liarne and Paul,
    Thank you for replying to my message.
    Liarne – I would be very interested in any informaton about Kitty, thanks. I have my family tree back to Mary Anne. I found some details out from Sandra about John Scott and his family plus also searching the internet. I am happy to share what I have.
    Paul – you have added a little more to what I know about Mary Anne, thank you. I don`t know any details abou Howie`s wife unfortunately.
    Regards,
    Judith

  10. Kylie

    Hi all, I’m a descendant from John Scott the sealer on King Island and Mary Mannermannemener! From their daughter Esther Brown Scott! I would like to see John Scotts diary, where would I find this? Also is there anything more on Mannermannemener? I would love a reunion! Wow

    • Kylie I am overjoyed to hear from you I gave wondered about Esther the journal of John Scott is available for viewing online Google John Scott journal its held at the Tadmsnian Archives I transcribed it some years ago that is also held at the archives and available for viewing online it is an easier format to read than the original document.. It’s great to connect with you..l have connected with other descendants not all on this thread a reunion would be awesome !!! I am in Sydney we seem to be scattered where are you located ?

  11. Hi all,
    I’m trying to make contact with descendants of Maria and John Thomas Scott. Our line is the ?eldest daughter Esther who married Henry Brown…

    • sue morgan

      Hi,
      I’m also related to Esther Scott and Henry Brown, we are currently also looking for information about Esther, my Great Grandfather was Henry a son ot Esther and Henry.

  12. Peter Bakker

    Liarne,
    I have been researching the Scott family descendants on and off for around 4 years. I would be very much like to request a copy of your “CD with all the certificates and notes & some photographs”. My address is 3 Blackledge Drive, Cranbourne East, Victoria, 3977. I am happy to contribute to the cost of the CD and mailing. If there is any information that i have that is not on your CD I will pass it on to you.
    For all those interested you should be aware that Anne Drysdale wrote her own diary of her life on the Bellarine Peninsula and made several short references to Kitty and Mary Ann Scott. State Library of Victoria: MS 6294, MS 6208, MS 9249 and H15215. Online section available at http://ergo.slv.vic.gov.au/image/diary-anne-drysdale-september-1839-may-1854. Bev Roberts wrote an article, ‘A Black Apron View of History? Anne Drysdale & Caroline Newcomb, Victoria’s lady squatters’ in La Trobeana – Journal of the C. J. La Trobe Society Inc. Vol.9, No. 3, November 2010. The taking in of two part Aboriginal girls, Mary Ann and Kitty Scott is discussed on page 14 of this article.

    Peter Bakker

  13. Hi Julie,
    I am not sure if it is ok to post this here, but please let me know if not. I thought there may be people interested, given that so many have connected on your page in relation to John Scott, Mary and their extended family, including Maria.
    I thought I would just post that I have an art exhibition coming up at the Allport Library and Museum of Fine Art Gallery in Hobart which opens on Friday 14th October, 2016 – 25th February, 2017 which responds to the manuscript diary of John Scott. My work includes a series of linoprints, oil paintings and other works and the Gallery is planning to have John Scott’s diary on display. The exhibition is titled ‘Stories in Ink: John Scott’s diary 1836-1843, King Island, Tasmania. Everyone is welcome and I hope it adds to family connections being made! I would love to meet you all on Opening night!
    Regards,
    Judith Klavins

    • Hi Judith
      I wanted to be in touch to let you know I was away and sadly missed meeting you in Hobart, but did manage to catch your exhibition in Allport – which was fantastic and very cohesive and compelling. I look forward to meeting you one day and would love to attend what I hope will be a huge Tasmanian Maria / Scott family reunion one day !
      Julie Gough

  14. Carolyn Woods

    Hi Liarne,
    Im descendant from Mary Ann Scott and George Smith through their child Walter William Smith.
    I would love a copy of your cd – happy to reimburse for costs etc. Also interested in any information about John Scott and Mary and both their daughters etc.
    Please email : carolyn.woods@adelaide.edu.au,
    thanks,
    Carolyn

  15. Hi, I think I am a descendant of John Scott 1770-1843 and Mary (Tasmanian Aboriginal) 1800- ??? Henry Brown 1798-1880 who appears to be a child ?? who married Esther Scott they then had children and one of those children (Jessie Brown 1841-1915) she married Edward Langley who is the grandfather of my grandfather (Neville Francis Langley Izard). I am wondering if anyone has any information about Mary ? I am happy to pay for any documents that will tell me more about her life – I believe her husband John Scott drowned ? in 1843 – they all lived on King Island and I think after the drowning the family was separated and Jessie came to mainland Tasmania where she met Edward Langley a Labourer and they were married at Evandale. But I would really like just some info about Mary – was she abducted ? sold ? such a sad story but I really would like to know my history if anyone can assist. my email is either mbr74507@bigpond.com or kelly.brown@police.tas.gov.au

  16. Mark

    Hi, Thanks for providing the transcriptions. They’re very interesting.
    There is one page – page 344 – where you have transcribed a letter authored by AA Hortell. I’ve been researching the Hollow Tree history from afar (I live in Canberra) and I cannot view the microfiche to determine if your transcription is correct. I wonder if the author was in fact HB Torlesse? On the face of it, quite a different name. But with cursive handwriting, things can seem quite different, especially when you don’t know what the name is meant to be.

    My question is – would you be able to review that page again and consider if the author of the letter could have been Torlesse?

    Torlesse was responsible for managing Montacute until Captain Langdon arrived to permanently live there.

    Also – on pages 340-341, you appear to have had difficulty transcribing a name. You have recorded “… Hut belong to Mr ..tley which they set fire to but upon Tybley and two others making their appearance they left in the direction off Blackmans ……” I believe, from my research, that “Mr ..tley” and “Tybley” were in fact “Sibley” [William Sibley, who lived next to Adam Thomson, in the vicinity of Blackman’s Hill].

    kind regards

    • Hi there I have my step father’s family tree of Scotts and also kitty comes into the tree to they end up in pymble nsw with the bowman family which also leads to partridge family and John randall I would love a copy of all the information made possible as I’m helping to bring a family together again with all my heart
      Kevin McMahon

  17. Donna Burke

    Hi wondering if someone can help me with some information on Richard Brown married Sophia Skarrett in Launceston, Richard apparently is the son of Henry Brown and Esther Scott, and is my great great grandfather, the family are of aboriginal descent, not sure if this is the correct family or not any help most appreciated thanks Donna Burke

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s